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Thermal Behavior of a Structure Characterized Through Three- Dimensional Temperature Signatures for a Temperature Driven Method of Structural Health Monitoring



Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) seeks to evaluate the condition of a structure by instrumenting the structure with sensors and then using a combination of structural and data analysis. One unifying factor across all structures is the effect of temperature changes on the behavior of the structure. Temperature Driven - Structural Health Monitoring (TD-SHM) considers temperature as the driving force in structural behavior, and consequently the main input in SHM. Temperature as an input is related to strain and displacement as output to form three-dimensional temperature signatures for the structures. These signatures are descriptive of the thermal behavior, as well as sensitive to changes in structural condition. The two main benefits of TDSHM are the applicability to any structure that undergoes daily or seasonal temperature changes, and the possibility to measure temperature as an input for a complete input-output model. This work examines one type of three-dimensional signature: the relationship between changes in temperature with changes in strain and rotation or tilt on a beam-like concrete structure. The three-dimensional figure is fit with a surface to quantify the behavior, and changes in either the goodness of fit or in the fit itself are indicative of changes in structural behavior. These methods are validated using data from a real structure; Streicker Bridge on campus at Princeton University.


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