Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Novel Bayesian Extreme Value Distribution Model of Vehicle Loads: Application to Nanjing 3rd Yangtze River Bridge

S. LI, Y. GU, H. LI


Vehicle traffic plays an important role in fatigue deterioration and overload leading to the collapse of bridges. The monitored data show that occurrences of vehicle loads are correlated. Additionally, it is more reasonable to employ the tail region of a distribution when estimating extreme loads. A novel de-correlated tailbased extreme value (EV) distribution model is proposed in this paper. Moreover, a Bayesian form of this new model is constructed, and an extension of this model, the Confidence Index (CI), is defined and may be promising for applications. The monitored vehicle weight on the Nanjing 3rd Yangtze River Bridge is used to demonstrate that the proposed tail-based de-correlated EV model predicts the extreme load more accurately than traditional methods and that the Bayesian approach can further increase the precision of this estimate. Finally, the calculated CI of the complete prediction process offers a comprehensive guideline for the estimate precision.

Full Text: