Current Factors of Iran’s Brain Drain, Analysis, Reasons and Influences

SERGEY V. RYAZANTSEV, MEHDI AFZALI, TAMARA K. ROSTOVSKAYA

Abstract


In the last few decades with the emergence of globalization, migration and brain drain became one of the important factors of economic development and played an important role in the globalization process. The usual flow of high skilled and educated individuals is from developing and under developing countries to the more developed countries such as the USA and Europe. Different factors are influencing on brain drain which are divided into push and pull factors. In this research, we examined Iran’s brain drain, we created five hypotheses influencing on brain drain such as military service, gender discrimination, unemployment, infrastructures and hope for future,. The results received from survey and interview shows that military service, gender discrimination and hope for future have significant relationship with brain drain but we are unable to certainly illustrate the impact of unemployment rate and infrastructure on brain drain. Methodology used in this research is combination of interview and survey. Six candidates from the USA, Europe, Malaysia and Iran were interviewed, and we distributed 100 questionnaires among Iranian students currently studying in Russian universities in Moscow.

Keywords


Development, Educated Individuals, Skilled Workers, Brain Drain, Migration, Emigration, IranText


DOI
10.12783/dtssehs/icesd2020/34071

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