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Effect of the Firing Position on Aiming Error and Probability of HIT



This is an extended abstract of a paper to be published in Defence Technology, 2019. Sources of dispersions that contribute to delivery error and reduce the soldier performance in terms of hit probability are numerous. In order to improve the warfighter performance, the source of the errors contributing to the inaccuracy and dispersion of the weapon systems must be understood. They include ammunition dispersion error, gun dispersion, aerodynamic jump and the aiming error. The aiming error or gun pointing error is defined as the angle between the gun muzzle at the instant the trigger is pulled and the line of fire that corresponds to the intendent aim point. This is a round-to-round error. In weapons systems that include the rifle, the ammunition, a sight and a gunner, the aiming error was shown to be the single most important source of dispersion for the regular infantryman. In other words, for the general purpose rifle weapon system, the weak link is often the human. In order to verify and quantify this assertion, an experimental investigation was carried out to determine the aiming error associated with general purpose rifle fired by infantryman. The aiming error was evaluated for various firing positions and scenarios using infantryman for ranges varying between 100 m and 500 m. The results show that the aiming error is the main contributor to dispersion for the general purpose rifle fired by a non-specialized infantryman. The aiming error induced dispersion for unstressed and rested gunners is shown to be at best equivalent to that of the weapon fired from a bench rest by a marksman.


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