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Quasi-Linear Viscoelastic Modelling of Uncured Prepregs under Compaction



Reinforcement compaction sometimes referred as consolidation process and is one of the key steps in various composite manufacturing processes such as autoclave and out-of-autoclave processing. The prepregs consist of semi-cured thermoset resin system impregnating the fibers. hence, the prepreg shows strong viscoelastic compaction response, which strongly depends on compaction speed and stress relaxation. modeling of time-dependent response is of utmost importance to understand the behavior of prepregs during different stages of composites manufacturing processes. The quasilinear viscoelastic (QLV) theory has been extensively used for the modeling of viscoelastic response of soft tissues in biomedical applications. In QLV approach, the stress relaxation can be expressed in terms of the nonlinear elastic function and the reduced relaxation function. The constitutive equation can be represented by a convolution integral of the nonlinear strain history, and reduced relaxation function. This study adopted a quasilinear viscoelastic modeling approach to describe the time dependent behavior of uncured-prepregs under compression. The model was modified to account for the compaction behavior of the prepreg under a compressive load. The deformation behavior of the prepreg is usually characterized by the fiber volume fraction, V . In this study, the material used was a 2/2 Twill weave glass prepreg (M26T) supplied by Hexcel® Industries USA. We performed a compaction experiment of the uncured prepreg at room temperature at different displacement rate and subsequent relaxation to describe the viscoelastic behavior of the prepreg. The model parameter calibration was performed using the trust-region-reflective algorithm in matlab to a selected number of test data. The calibrated model was then used to predict the rate dependent compaction and relaxation response of prepregs for different fiber volume fractions and strain rates.


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