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Reducing the Notch Sensitivity of Quasi-isotropic layups Using Thin-ply Hybrid Laminates



The concept of stress concentration suppression using thin-ply pseudo-ductile hybrid composites is presented in this paper. In previous works, it has been shown that it is possible to achieve high amounts of pseudo-ductility in Uni-Directional (UD) and multi-directional laminates. In this work, the requirements for thin-ply hybrid sublaminates to suppress/reduce notch sensitivity in quasi-isotropic laminates with an open hole is studied. A User Material subroutine (UMAT) has been developed in ABAQUS which can replicate the typical response of pseudo-ductile thin-ply hybrids. This UMAT was then used to study several idealised responses and find the important parameters controlling the fibre failure in notched specimens. The stress concentration factor in the 0° layer has been selected as a measure of notch sensitivity. The ratio of pseudo-ductile strain to initiation strain has also been found to be a useful parameter in comparing different fibre direction tensile responses. The stress concentration factors of the 0° layer found from two different tensile response shapes of UD sub-laminates were found to be very similar when they were plotted versus the ratio of pseudo-ductile strain over initiation strain. These results show that the stress concentration factor varies between 3 for linear elastic material response to 1 for sub-laminates with pseudo-ductile strain to initiation strain ratio of 3. This suggests that optimal structural response can be achieved with thin ply hybrids if the failure strain of the low strain material to high strain material is about 25%.

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