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2019

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2nd Asia-Pacific Social Science and Modern Education Conference (SSME 2019)

  • 2nd Asia-Pacific Social Science and Modern Education Conference (SSME 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-678-7
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

It is our pleasure to welcome you to the 2nd Asia-Pacific Social Science and Modern Education Conference (SSME 2019) in Shanghai, China. SSME 2019 is the second conference dedicated to issues related to Social Science, Education and Humanities Research topics. A major goal and feature of it is to bring academic scientists, engineers, researchers together to exchange and share their experiences and research results about most aspects of Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, and discuss the practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2nd Asia-Pacific Social Science and Modern Education Conference

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2nd Asia-Pacific Social Science and Modern Education Conference (SSME 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-678-7

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.


2020

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2020 International Conference on Education, Culture, Economic Management and Information Service (ECEMIS 2020)

  • 2020 International Conference on Education, Culture, Economic Management and Information Service (ECEMIS 2020)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-679-4
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2020 International Conference on Education, Culture, Economic Management and Information Service (ECEMIS 2020) was held on June 20–21, 2020, at Changsha, China. The purpose of this conference is to provide a platform for academic exchanges between university scientists, academics, engineers and students around the world to promote research relationships between universities and industry.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2020 International Conference on Education, Culture, Economic Management and Information Service

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2020 International Conference on Education, Culture, Economic Management and Information Service (ECEMIS 2020)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-679-4

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

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2020 International Conference on Education, E-learning and Social Science (EELSS 2020)

  • 2020 International Conference on Education, E-learning and Social Science (EELSS 2020)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-677-0
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2020 International Conference on Education, E-learning and Social Science (EELSS 2020) will be held in Beijing, China during June 20–21, 2020, co-sponsored by Science and Engineering Research Center, Hong Kong. This is an important event for the development of Education and Social Science, which will have positive significance for promoting the teaching, scientific research and technological development and industrial upgrading of online learning. This conference gather scientists and researchers from all over the world sharing their common interest in Education, E-learning and Social Science well as related techniques. Widely known that more and more peer colleagues attach high importance on the quality and development of education and education reform. The opening of EELSS 2020 will greatly promote the problem solving process. We have strict requirements without limiting authors’ thoughts and creativeness. Also, we have invited scholars and experts in Education, E-learning and Social Science related fields to review the papers in order to ensure high quality of the book. Thanks to the joint efforts from authors and our committee members, high-qualified papers were selected.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2020 International Conference on Education, E-learning and Social Science

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2020 International Conference on Education, E-learning and Social Science (EELSS 2020)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-677-0

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2020 5th International Conference on Education and Social Development (ICESD 2020)

  • 2020 5th International Conference on Education and Social Development (ICESD 2020)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-676-3
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2020 International Conference on Education and Social Development [ICESD 2020] was held in Hangzhou, China on January 11–12, 2020. The ICESD 2020 is co-sponsored by Advanced Information Science Research Center (AISRC), The conference proceeding is published by DEStech Publications, Inc. ICESD 2020 provides an excellent international forum for sharing knowledge and results in theory, methodology and applications of Education and Social Development. The conference looks for significant contributions to all major fields of the modern Education and Social Development in theoretical and application aspects. The aim of the conference is to provide a platform to the global researchers and practitioners from both academia as well as industry to meet and share cutting-edge development in the fields. This ICESD 2020 proceeding tends to collect the up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-art knowledge on Education and Social Development, including Education and Social Development, etc. All of accepted papers were subjected to strict peer-reviewing by 1–2 expert referees. The papers have been selected for this volume because of quality and the relevance to the conference. We hope this book will not only provide the readers a broad overview of the latest research results, but also provide the readers a valuable summary and reference in these fields.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2020 5th International Conference on Education and Social Development 

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2020 5th International Conference on Education and Social Development (ICESD 2020)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-676-3

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2020 5th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2020)

  • 5th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2020)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-675-6
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

The 5th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2020) was held during January 11–12, 2020 in Hangzhou, China. The ICSSM 2020 is co-sponsored by Advanced Information Science Research Center (AISRC). The conference proceeding is published by DEStech Publications, Inc. ICSSM 2020 provides an excellent international forum for sharing knowledge and results in theory, methodology and applications of Social Science and Management. The conference looks for significant contributions in theoretical and application aspects. The aim of the conference is to provide a platform to the global researchers and practitioners from both academia as well as industry to meet and share cutting-edge development in the fields. This ICSSM 2020 proceeding tends to collect the up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-art knowledge on Social Science and Management. All of accepted papers were subjected to strict peer-reviewing by 1–2 expert referees. The papers have been selected for this volume because of quality and the relevance to the conference. We hope this book will not only provide the readers a broad overview of the latest research results, but also provide the readers a valuable summary and reference in these fields.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2020 5th International Conference on Social Science and Management 

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2020 5th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2020)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-675-6

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

5th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2020)

  • 5th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2020)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-664-0
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2020 the 5th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2020) will be held in Bangkok, Thailand, during Jan 6-7, 2020. It aims to bring researchers and students from the areas of education science and development. ICESD 2020 provides a forum for debate, discussion and promotion of education science and development. It is an opportunity for those who are passionate about the fields to come together and debate the issues that matter. You are welcome to submit papers and participate in the ICESD 2020. Hope to see you in Bangkok, Thailand.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2020 5th International Conference on Education Science and Development

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2020 5th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2020)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-664-0

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

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2nd International Conference on Pedagogy, Communication and Sociology (ICPCS 2020)

  • 2nd International Conference on Pedagogy, Communication and Sociology (ICPCS 2020)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-663-3
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

Theme: Exploring Opportunities, Challenges, and Sustainability of Education, Communication and Social Development

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2020 2nd International Conference on Pedagogy, Communication and Sociology

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2018 2nd International Conference on Pedagogy, Communication and Sociology (ICPCS 2020)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-663-3

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.


2019

Cover Page

5th International Conference on Modern Education and Social Science (MESS 2019)

  • 5th International Conference on Modern Education and Social Science (MESS 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-660-2
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 5th International Conference on Modern Education and Social Science

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2020 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2019 5th International Conference on Modern Education and Social Science (MESS 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-660-2

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

1st International Conference on Education in the Digital Ecosystem (ICEdDE 2019)

  • 1st International Conference on Education in the Digital Ecosystem (ICEdDE 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-658-9
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

Across the globe, there is a growing impetus to transform education from the structures and processes of the past to a system that meets the requirements of today’s workplace, profiting from the resources and opportunities of the digital age. The 1st International Conference on Education in the Digital Ecosystem: “Blended Learning in Teacher Training – Innovation and Good Practices” aims to address this transformation process by bringing together leading policy makers, academic scientists, researchers, teacher trainers and teachers in an international setting to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as many of the practical challenges encountered. Its focus is on identifying solutions for the adaptation of education into the digital ecosystem by providing a creative platform for inspirational exchanges, interaction and scientific debate on practices and research related to Education in the Digital Ecosystem areas on the use of blended learning in pre-service and in-service teacher training.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 1st International Conference on Education in the Digital Ecosystem

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2019 1st International Conference on Education in the Digital Ecosystem (ICEdDE 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-658-9

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

3rd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2019)

  • 3rd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-657-2
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2019 3rd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS2019) will be held in Beijing, China during November 24 and 25, 2019. It will provide a high qualified forum for its participants to access the most knowledge in related fields. AEMS2019 has received support from world-famous scientists and scholars, and it will make a perfect opportunity for you to present your research and meet other scholars.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 3rd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2019 3rd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-657-2

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 2nd International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2019)

  • 2019 2nd International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-654-1
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2019 2nd International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2019) will be held in Xiamen, China during October 27–28, 2019, co-sponsored by Advanced Science and Industry Research Center, Hong Kong. The first ERMASS was successfully held in Beijing, China during October 28–29, 2018, and

ERMASS 2019 is expected to become one of the most influential and extraordinary academic events in the world with your participations and paper submissions. ERMASS 2019 will create an effective sharing and discussion platform for all attendees as an open multidisciplinary conference to address new challenges and share solutions, and discuss
future research directions about Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science and more related topics. This conference will be conducted mainly in the forms of Keynote Speeches, Oral Presentations and Poster Presentations for the analysis of academic status and future development prospects.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 2nd International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 2nd International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-654-1

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 International Symposium on Education and Humanities Sciences (ISEHS 2019)

  • 2019 International Symposium on Education and Humanities Sciences (ISEHS 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-642-8
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

Education is a social practice that affects the physical and mental development of human beings. It is a kind of teaching of thinking, teaching others the most objective understanding, and a practical activity to improve people's comprehensive quality. Humanities is a science that takes human social existence as its object of study and aims at revealing the essence and development law of human society. Education and humanities are important research fields and have vital significance for promoting social development.

Wuhan University of Technology, Guizhou Jiao Tong College, National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Hubei University of Technology, International Research Association of Modern Education and Computer Science (RAMECS) and Central China Normal University jointly organized the First International Symposium on Education and Humanities Sciences (ISEHS2019), September 21-22, 2019, Wuhan, China.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 International Symposium on Education and Humanities Sciences

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 International Symposiumon Education and Humanities Sciences (ISEHS 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-642-8

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 International Conference on Management Innovation, Education Reform and Applied Social Science (MIERASS 2019)

  • 2019 International Conference on Management Innovation, Education Reform and Applied Social Science (MIERASS 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-625-1
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2019 International Conference on Management Innovation, Education Reform and Applied Social Science (MIERASS 2019) will be held in Guilin, China during April 21–22, 2019 as schedule, which will mainly around the most advanced researches development and achievements
and is firmly believed to be one of the most influential and successful academic activity in the world. Many thanks for the co-sponsor of the Advanced Science and Industry Research Center, Hong Kong and substantial support of DEStech Publication. It's widely known that more and more experienced scholars, educators, researchers and a large number of masters and doctoral students are involved in academic researches of Management Innovation, Education Reform and Applied Social Science and more related fields of high research significance. In order to live up to all of your expectations, MIERASS 2019 committee will do our utmost to create a high-level academic platform and build an effective bridge for international academic cooperation.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 International Conference on Management Innovation, Education Reform and Applied Social Science

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 International Conference on Management Innovation, Education Reform and Applied Social Science (MIERASS 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-625-1

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 International Conference on Education Reform, Management Innovation and Social Science (ERMISS 2019)

  • 2019 International Conference on Education Reform, Management Innovation and Social Science (ERMISS 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-624-4
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

To provide an interactive platform for researchers, experts and scholars from all over the world, 2019 International Conference on Education Reform, Management Innovation and Social Science (ERMISS 2019) is planned to be hosted during March 24–25, 2019 in Beijing, China.
This conference is co-sponsored by Advanced Science and Industry Research Center, Hong Kong and has appealed for many academicians and researchers around the world to attend. The main themes of ERMISS 2019 are Education Reform, Management Innovation and Social Science which have something to do with our life and play a significant part in the society. By presenting and discussing researches, developments and innovations in those fields, the related participants
will benefit a lot, and then maybe get an inspiration to create new achievements.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 International Conference on Education Reform, Management Innovation and Social Science

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 International Conference on Education Reform, Management Innovation and Social Science (ERMISS 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-624-4

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 4th International Conference on Education and Social Development (ICESD 2019)

  • 2019 4th International Conference on Education and Social Development (2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-621-3
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

The 4th International Conference on Education and Social Development in 2019 [ICESD 2019] was held on April 20–21, 2019 in Xiamen, Fujian, China. The ICESD 2019 is co-sponsored by Advanced Information Science Research Center (AISRC), the conference proceedings is published by DEStech Publications, Inc. ICESD 2019
provides an excellent international forum for sharing knowledge and results in theory, methodology and applications of education science and social development. The conference looks for significant contributions to all major fields of the education science and social development in theoretical and application aspects. The aim of the
conference is to provide a platform to the global researchers and practitioners from both academia as well as industry to meet and share cutting-edge development in the fields.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 4th International Conference on Education and Social Development 

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

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2019 4th International Conference on Education and Social Development (2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-621-3

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

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2019 4th Annual International Conference on Education Science and Education Management (ESEM 2019)

  • 2019 4th Annual International Conference on Education Science and Education Management (ESEM 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-623-7
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

The 4th Annual International Conference on Education Science and Education Management [ESEM 2019] was held in Wuhan, China from April 19–20, 2019. This international conference centered on education science and education management. It aims to provide an excellent
international academic forum for all the researchers, practitioner, students and teachers in related fields to share their knowledge and results in theory, methodology and application. ESEM 2019 proceeding tends to collects the most up-to-date, comprehensive, and worldwide
state-of-art knowledge on education science and education management. All the accepted papers have been submitted to strict peer-review by 2–4 expert referees, and selected based on originality,
significance and clarity for the purpose of the conference. The conference program is extremely rich, profound and featuring high-impact presentations of selected papers and additional late-breaking contributions. We sincerely hope that the conference would not only show the participants a broad overview of the latest research results on related fields, but also provide them with a significant platform for academic connection and exchange.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 4th Annual International Conference on Education Science and Education Management

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 4th Annual International Conference on Education Science and Education Management (ESEM 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-623-7

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 International Conference on Education, Management, Economics and Humanities (ICEMEH 2019)

  • 2019 International Conference on Education, Management, Economics and Humanities (ICEMEH 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-616-9
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2019 International Conference on Education, Management, Economics and Humanities (ICEMEH 2019) will be held during February 27–28, 2019 in Shenzhen, China, which is co-sponsored by Advanced Science and Industry Research Center, Hong Kong and supported by more experienced senior researchers and scholars worldwide. In addition, all the conference committee have made much efforts in collecting and publishing excellent paper submissions from you in order to provide all the attendees with the top-level academic platform.. With the rapid development of multidisciplinary in Education, Management, Economics and Humanities, more and more excellent researchers have participated in the forefront academic researches. Therefore, the opening of ICEMEH 2019 is firmly hoped to play an extremely
significant part in the relevant academic progress. At the same time, with all the supports of organizers and participants, ICEMEH 2019 will be one of the greatest and influential academic events in the world.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 International Conference on Education, Management, Economics and Humanities

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 International Conference on Education, Management, Economics and Humanities (ICEMEH 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-616-9

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2019 4th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2019)

  • 2019 4th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2019)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-593-3
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2019 the 4th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2019) was held in Shenzhen, China, during Jan 19–20, 2019. The ICESD 2019 is co-sponsored by Modern International Green Culture Communication Association (MIGCCA), and the conference proceeding is published by DEStech Publications, Inc. ICESD 2019 provides an excellent international forum for sharing knowledge and results in theory, methodology and applications of Education Science and Development. The conference looks for significant contributions to all major fields of the Education Science and Development in theoretical and Application aspects. The aim of the conference is to provide a platform to the global researchers and practitioners from both academia as well as industry to meet and share cutting-edge development in the fields. 

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2019 4th International Conference on Education Science and Development

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2019 4th International Conference on Education Science and Development (ICESD 2019)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-593-3

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.


2018

Cover Page

Human Factors in Contemporary Organizations

  • Human Factors in Contemporary Organizations (XXXI International Seminar of Ergonomics)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-652-7
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

Whenever we organize the International Ergonomics Seminars, we try to create an opportunity to exchange experiences between practitioners and theoreticians who deal with various areas of ergo-nomics. The upcoming 31st Seminar's main topic will be "Human factors in a contemporary organization". We hope it will allow us to broaden more the issues of ergonomics which were discussed in the last years.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

Human Factors in Contemporary Organizations

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2019 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
Human Factors in Contemporary Organizations

ISBN: 978-1-60595-652-7

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2018 2nd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2018)

  • 2018 2nd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2018)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-604-6
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2018 2nd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2018), co-sponsored by Advanced Science and Industry Research Center, Hong Kong, will be held in Shanghai, China during December 22–23, 2018. Many thanks for the paper submissions and positive participation of researchers and scholars from around the world. It's firmly believed that AEMS 2018 must be one of the most successful and influential academic activity just like 2017 International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2017), which was grandly held in Bangkok, Thailand from March 26 to 27, 2017 and AEMS 2017 Conference Proceedings has been indexed by CPCI-SSH successfully.
As we all know, academic researches and studies in these fields including Advanced Education and Management Science have rapidly developed in recent years. Therefore, this holding of AEMS 2018 is of extremely significance in promoting the academic progress and enhancing international cooperation and connection. AEMS 2018 will be conducted mainly in the form of keynote speech, oral presentations and poster presentations for the analysis of academic status and future development prospects.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2018 2nd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science

DEStech Publications, Inc. 
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2018 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title: 
2018 2nd International Conference on Advanced Education and Management Science (AEMS 2018)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-604-6

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2nd International Conference on Modern Education and Information Technology (MEIT 2018)

  • 2nd International Conference on Modern Education and Information Technology (MEIT 2018)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-563-6
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

MEIT 2018 aims at creating a meeting point for researchers and practitioners that from both China and abroad to exchange ideas in the domain of modern education and information technology and related topics with its prospective application in the various interdisciplinary domains of engineering, including not only technological issues but also social issues. We will afford delegates unparalleled opportunities to interact and communicate with qualified professionals throughout the world. The conference welcomes papers of either practical or theoretical nature, presenting research or applications addressing all aspects of education and information, that concerns to organizations and individuals, thus creating new research opportunities.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2018 2nd International Conference on Modern Education and Information Technology

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2018 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2018 2nd International Conference on Modern Education and Information Technology (MEIT 2018)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-563-6

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Development (ICSSD 2018)

  • 4th International Conference on Social Science and Development (ICSSD 2018)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-564-3
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

The 4th International Conference on Social Science and Development in 2018 [ICSSD 2018], aims to bring together researchers, engineers, and students around the world in both fields about Social Science and Social Development for information sharing and cooperation.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Development

DEStech Publications, Inc.
439 North Duke Street Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A.

Copyright © 2018 by DEStech Publications, Inc.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Manufactured in the U.S.A.

Main entry under title:
2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Development (ICSSD 2018)

ISBN: 978-1-60595-564-3

Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2018 3rd International Conference on Education, Management and Systems Engineering (EMSE 2018)

  • 2018 3rd International Conference on Education, Management and Systems Engineering (EMSE 2018)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-591-9
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

It is a great pleasure for us to welcome all of the related experts and scholars to the 2018 3rd International Conference on Education, Management and Systems Engineering (EMSE 2018) which will be held in the picturesque city of Xiamen, China on November 25–26, 2018.
Especially to deserve to be mentioned, both the first EMSE in Phuket, Thailand on August 23–24, 2015 and the second EMSE in Beijing, China on May 21–22, 2017 have made great success. The EMSE 2015 Proceedings and EMSE 2017 Proceedings also have been published and indexed by CPCI-S successfully.
Following the successful experience of the first and second EMSE, it is believed that EMSE 2018 will be the unique meeting of researchers, professionals and practitioners to discuss various current issues in related fields. It is dedicated to becoming one of the most important international academic conferences in the research field of Education, Management and Systems Engineering. To achieve this goal, EMSE 2018 tries to attract outstanding experts and scholars from all over the
world to present their latest research results and exchange their academic views with each other so as to gradually expand its influence.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2018 3rd International Conference on Education, Management and Systems Engineering
439 North Duke Street 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A. 
Copyright © 2018 by DEStech Publications, Inc. 
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 
Manufactured in the U.S.A. 
Main entry under title: 
2018 3rd International Conference on Education, Management and Systems Engineering (EMSE 2018)
ISBN: 978-1-60595-591-9
Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2018)

  • 2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2018)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-190-4
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Management [ICSSM 2018] was held in Shenzhen, China on Nov 24–25, 2018. The ICSSM 2018 is co-sponsored by Advanced Information Science Research Center (AISRC), The conference proceeding is published by DEStech Publications, Inc. ICSSM 2018 provides an excellent international forum for sharing knowledge and results in theory, methodology and applications of Social Science and Management. The conference looks for significant contributions to all major fields of the modern Social Science and Management in theoretical and Application aspects. The aim of the conference is to provide a platform to the global researchers and practitioners from both academia as well as industry to meet and share cutting-edge development in the fields.
This ICSSM 2018 proceeding tends to collect the up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-art knowledge on Social Science and Management, including Social Sciences and Humanities, Emerging Trends in Marketing and Management, etc. All of accepted papers were subjected to strict peer-reviewing by 2–4 expert referees. The papers have been selected for this volume because of quality and the relevance to the conference. We hope this book will not only provide the readers a broad overview of the latest research results, but also provide the readers a valuable summary and reference in these fields.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Management 
439 North Duke Street 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A. 
Copyright © 2018 by DEStech Publications, Inc. 
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 
Manufactured in the U.S.A. 
Main entry under title: 
2018 4th International Conference on Social Science and Management (ICSSM 2018)
ISBN: 978-1-60595-190-4
Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.

Cover Page

2018 International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2018)

  • 2018 International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2018)
  • ISBN: 978-1-60595-012-9
  • ISSN: 2475-0042

The 2018 International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2018), which will be held in Beijing, China from October 28 to 29, 2018, will provide an international arena for researchers around the world who focus on the same or related research topics to exchange new ideas and applied experiences, establish business or research relationships, and find global partners for future collaborations. It will be a valuable and important platform for inspiring international and interdisciplinary exchange at the forefront of Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science. As an important international activity in the field of Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science, the ERMASS 2018 co-sponsored by the Science and Engineering Research Center, Hong Kong will hold a rigorous and responsible attitude and present you a professional and diversified international academic conference. It aims to serve as a catalyst in bringing together participants from academia and industry to help foster new connections and ideas among a heterogeneous community ranging from senior researchers to PhD students, or from senior executives to young startup entrepreneurs. In addition, its participants will have the opportunity to discuss and share their research topics with experts and scholars from various countries and find cooperative objects for future research.

As a standard, DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to be indexed in EI (Citation and Compendex). DEStech will submit the technical science conference proceedings to EI, Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters Web of Science) and CNKI Scholar for worldwide online citation within one month after the Proceedings is completed. Please note that DEStech does not submit Proceedings of Social Science to EI since they will not be accepted for EI Compendex. However, DEStech will submit proceedings of Social Science to Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). We also caution our editors that Proceedings containing plagiarized material and Proceedings advertised that they will definitely be accepted by EI will be rejected by EI.

2018 International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science
439 North Duke Street 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17602 U.S.A. 
Copyright © 2018 by DEStech Publications, Inc. 
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 
Manufactured in the U.S.A. 
Main entry under title: 
2018 International Conference on Education Reform, Management and Applied Social Science (ERMASS 2018)
ISBN: 978-1-60595-012-9
Permission for publication outside of this Conference Proceeding must be given by the Publisher.


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