Natural Rubber/clay Nanocomposites Prepared by Grafting-melt Intercalation

Tarinee Nampitch

Abstract


Nanocomposites are presently attracting great interest from researchers, since they frequently exhibit unexpected hybrid properties synergistically derived from the two components. This research work is concerned with applying this technology to improve the properties of natural rubber (NR). Organoclay could enhance NR, one of the main raw materials produced within Thailand, by preparation as a NR/clay nanocomposite. The organoclays prepared in this research work were montmorillonite (MMT), C16-MMT and EM-MMT. C16-MMT consisted of MMT modified by adding hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide to obtain organophilic behavior, while EM-MMT was prepared by grafting-melt intercalation. The organoclay and nanocomposite structure and properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction, plasticity retention index and viscosity.


DOI
10.12783/dtetr/apetc2017/11108

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