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Effect of Pick Spacing and Warp and Weft Volume Fraction on Intrinsic Residual Stresses in 3D Woven Composites

TODD GROSS, HILARY BUNTROCK, KOSTIANTYN VASYLEVSKYI, IGOR TSUKROV, BORYS DRACH

Abstract


Three panels of 3D woven carbon fiber/RTM6 epoxy composites with a ply-to-ply weave with 12x12 (warp/weft) picks per inch (ppi), 10x12 ppi, and 10x8 ppi were fabricated by resin transfer molding. Realistic finite element models of each weave architecture were constructed using Dynamic Fabric Mechanics Analyzer. The resin properties were isotropic and linear elastic and dependent on temperature. The resininfiltrated fiber tow properties were estimated using homogenization based on Hashin and Shapery formulas. The model was considered to be at zero stress at the 165C curing temperature. The stresses resulting from cooling the composite to 25C were estimated using the resin temperature-dependent properties and the temperature independent properties of the tows. The displacement fields resulting from holes drilled through the middle of the top warp or weft yarn were estimated by virtually drilling a hole in the finite element model and were measured on the specimens using electronic speckle pattern interferometry. In general, the measured displacements transverse to the yarn were lower than the predicted displacements. This suggests the resin in the infiltrated yarns relieves some of the stress by permanently deforming during cooling. The measured displacements along the yarn were approximately the same for the 12x12 ppi,, lower for the 10x12 ppi, and significantly higher for the 10x8 ppi.


DOI
10.12783/asc34/31354

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