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Diagnostics of Buildings Including Crack Detection



In this paper a long term observation of the technical state of buildings positioned in the area of coal mine exploitation is presented. The investigated structure was induced to vibrate using impact excitation. The points of excitation were located on two different pillars supporting the building. In order to extract dynamic parameters of the structure, experimental modal analysis was applied. The parameters of vibration resulting from this excitation were measured by a scanning laser vibrometer. To introduce and compare classical and operational modal analysis, piezoelectric accelerometers were additionally utilized. Moreover, to investigate and explain the changes in the state of the building a finite element model (FE) was built. The analysed building is situated on the terrain of underground coal mine exploitation so the aim of the research was not only to observe the state of the building, but also to analyse possible changes during the process of excavation and after its completion. The building was observed from 2009 to 2013.

doi: 10.12783/SHM2015/40

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